MS(VII)                      11/6/74                      MS(VII)


     ms - macros for formatting manuscripts


     nroff -ms [ options ] file ...

     troff -ms [ options ] file ...


     This package of nroff and troff macro definitions provides a

     canned  formatting  facility  for  technical  papers.   When

     producing 2-column output on a terminal, its  output  should

     be filtered through col (I).

     The package supports three different formats: BTL  technical

     memorandum  with  cover  sheet,  released  paper  with cover

     sheet, and an abbreviated  `debugging'  form  without  cover


     The macro requests  are  defined  in  the  attached  Request

     Reference.   Many  nroff  and  troff  requests are unsafe in

     conjunction with this package, however the  requests  listed

     below may be used with impunity after the first .PP.

             .bp  begin new page

             .br  break output line here

             .sp ninsert n spacing lines

             .ls n(line spacing) n=1 single, n=2 double space

             .na  no alignment of right margin

     Output of the  eqn,  neqn  and  tbl  (I)  preprocessors  for

     equations and tables is acceptable as input.




     eqn (I), nroff (I), troff (I), tbl (VI)


                        REQUEST REFERENCE

Request   Initial Cause

Form      Value   Break Explanation

.1C       yes     yes   One column format on a new page.

.2C       no      yes   Two column format.

.AB       no      yes   Begin abstract.

.AE       -       yes   End abstract.

.AI       no      yes   Author's institution follows.  Suppressed

                       in TM.

.AU x y   no      yes   Author's name follows.  x is location and

                       y is extension, ignored except in TM.

.B        no      no    Boldface text follows.

.CS x...  -       yes   Cover sheet info if TM format, suppressed

                       otherwise.  Arguments are number of text

                       pages, other pages, total pages, figures,

                       tables, references.

.DA x     nroff   no    `Date line' at bottom of page is x.

                       Default is today.

.DE       -       yes   End displayed text.  Implies .KE.

.DS x     no      yes   Start of displayed text, to appear

                       verbatim line-by-line.  x=I for indented

                       display (default), x=L for left-justified

                       on the page, x=C for centered.  Implies


.EN       -       yes   Space after equation produced by eqn or


.EQ x     -       yes   Space before equation.  Equation number

                       is x.

.FE       -       yes   End footnote.

.FS       no      no    Start footnote.  The note will be moved

                       to the bottom of the page.

.HO       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey


.I        no      no    Italic text follows.

.IP x y   no      yes   Start indented paragraph, with hanging

                       tag x.  Indentation is y ens (default 5).

.KE       -       yes   End keep.  Put kept text on next page if

                       not enough room.

.KF       no      yes   Start floating keep.  If the kept text

                       must be moved to the next page, float

                       later text back to this page.

.KS       no      yes   Start keeping following text.

.LG       no      no    Make letters larger.

.LP       yes     yes   Start left-blocked paragraph.

.MH       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New

                       Jersey 07974'.

.ND       troff   no    No date line at bottom of page.

.NH n     -       yes   Same as .SH, with section number supplied

                       automatically.  Numbers are multilevel,

                       like 1.2.3, where n tells what level is

                       wanted (default is 1).

.NL       yes     no    Make letters normal size.

.OK       -       yes   `Other keywords' for TM cover sheet


.PP       no      yes   Begin paragraph.  First line indented.

.R        yes     no    Roman text follows.

.RE       -       yes   End relative indent level.

.RP       no      -     Cover sheet and first page for released

                       paper.  Must precede other requests.

.RS       -       yes   Start level of relative indentation.

                       Following .IP's measured from current


.SG x     no      yes   Insert signature(s) of author(s), ignored

                       except in TM.  x is the reference line

                       (initials of author and typist).

.SH       -       yes   Section head follows, font automatically


.SM       no      no    Make letters smaller.

.TL       no      yes   Title follows.

.TM x y z no      -     BTL TM cover sheet and first page, x=TM

                       number, y=(quoted list of) case number(s),

                       z=file number.  Must precede other


.WH       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Whippany, New Jersey