ICHECK(VIII) 2/9/75 ICHECK(VIII) NAME icheck - file system storage consistency check SYNOPSIS icheck [ -s ] [ -b numbers ] [ filesystem ] DESCRIPTION Icheck examines a file system, builds a bit map of used blocks, and compares this bit map against the free list maintained on the file system. If the file system is not specified, a set of default file systems is checked. The normal output of icheck includes a report of The number of blocks missing; i.e. not in any file nor in the free list, The number of special files, The total number of files, The number of large and huge files, The number of directories, The number of indirect blocks, and the number of double-indirect blocks in huge files, The number of blocks used in files, The number of free blocks. The -s flag causes icheck to ignore the actual free list and reconstruct a new one by rewriting the super-block of the file system. The file system should be dismounted while this is done; if this is not possible (for example if the root file system has to be salvaged) care should be taken that the system is quiescent and that it is rebooted immediately afterwards so that the old, bad in-core copy of the super-block will not continue to be used. Notice also that the words in the super-block which indicate the size of the free list and of the i-list are believed. If the super-block has been curdled these words will have to be patched. The -s flag causes the normal output reports to be suppressed. Following the -b flag is a list of block numbers; whenever any of the named blocks turns up in a file, a diagnostic is produced. Icheck is faster if the raw version of the special file is used, since it reads the i-list many blocks at a time. FILES Currently, /dev/rrk2 and /dev/rrp0 are the default file systems. SEE ALSO dcheck (VIII), ncheck (VIII), fs (V), clri (VIII), restor(VIII) DIAGNOSTICS For duplicate blocks and bad blocks (which lie outside the file system) icheck announces the difficulty, the i-number, and the kind of block involved. If a read error is encountered, the block number of the bad block is printed and icheck considers it to contain 0. ``Bad freeblock'' means that a block number outside the available space was encountered in the free list. ``n dups in free'' means that n blocks were found in the free list which duplicate blocks either in some file or in the earlier part of the free list. BUGS Since icheck is inherently two-pass in nature, extraneous diagnostics may be produced if applied to active file systems. It believes even preposterous super-blocks and consequently can get core images.